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Expected Output

What are Indicators?

What are Gender-sensitive Indicators?

What are Quantitative Indicators?

What are Qualitative Indicators?

What is the Difference between Quantitative and Qualitative Indicators?

How to Design Indicators

Types of Indicators and Attributions

Activity 4 Asking Questions

Criteria for Selecting Indicators

Worksheet 4 Creating Gender Indicators


Expected Outputs

To draw up a set of gender and ICT indicators to guide the information-gathering process

After clarifying key gender and ICT issues, objectives and evaluation questions, the next step is selecting and adapting tools to gather information about these issues. Indicators are a good mechanism for doing this.

What are Indicators?

Indicators are standards used to measure achievements of a project. They are pointers, numbers, facts, opinions or perceptions that look into and measure changes of specific conditions or situations. Indicators can be quantitative – measures of quantity such as the number of women users in a telecentre. And qualitative – people’s judgment or perception about a subject, for instance, selfconfidence developed by women users from skills learned in telecentres that may help them get better employment.

Indicators also provide a closer look at results of initiatives and actions. They are useful tools to assess positions and directions with respect to values and goals, and in evaluating specific programmes and determining the impact of such programmes. [ Guide to Gender-Sensitive Indicators 5]

In traditional planning and evaluation methodologies, indicators are “specific (explicit) and objectively verifiable measures of changes or results brought about by an activity.” [IFAD 37]. The generally accepted criteria for good indicators are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Timebound (SMART). Normally, indicators are defined or set by the objectives of a project. However, in reality, projects can bring about changes in communities or changes in the environment may lead to adjustments of projects. Indicators may therefore be refined once a project starts.

What are Gender-sensitive Indicators?

Gender-sensitive indicators, as the term suggests, are indicators that track genderrelated changes over time. Their value lies in measuring whether gender equality/equity is achieved through a number of ways.

Gender indicators take into account that gender roles exist and point to changes in the status and roles of women and men over time. They help illustrate the ways a project affects gender roles and confirms or disregards gender discrimination. Gender indicators should be drawn from identifying gender issues within a specific context of a project or activity. Many indicators that look into gender such as measuring gender empowerment, human and development index, and gender development indices are useful tools in tracking gender equality/ equity. Many of these indicators are based on gender analytical models that have emanated from a feminist analysis of societies, relationships and development. On the other hand, a growing number of gender special ists believe that indicators by themselves are insufficient to reflect and express women’s experiences especially in areas such as women’s empowerment or participation. They argue that policy-makers need to pay more attention to women’s experiences towards which indicators can serve as pointers.

Despite their differences, however, the key question that these models and indicators attempts to answer in measuring the impact of any initiative is: “Is it life-changing?”

In the end, what we really want to know is: Did it really change lives or are we back to the same situation? Is it reproducing inequality and inequity? [ Guide to Gender-Sensitive Indicators 5]