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Expected Output

What are the Elements of a Project Cycle?

Activity 2.1 Understanding Gender Analysis and Concepts of ICT, Social Change and Development

Activity 2.2 Reviewing Gender Issues in an ICT Project’s Life Cycle

Worksheet 2 Project Profile


Expected Output

To gather detailed information on gender and ICT issues in a project’s life cycle

What are the Elements of a Project Cycle?

The analysis of any project includes a review of all factors, including individual, organisational, community, socio-economic, cultural, and political aspects that make up a particular project’s environment. In ICT projects, studying the technological component is an added dynamic. Analysis also requires determining factors which played an important role in the project’s operation.

The first step of a gender evaluation exercise is to probe for gender issues within the context of the ICT project. Since there are many aspects of a project cycle, you need to determine what part of the project cycle you want to evaluate and the gender issues of that aspect of the project cycle. This is essential because this exercise establishes the parameters in determining the objectives, questions, and indicators of the evaluation.

  1. 1 A project typically evolves in a logical fashion:
  2. Analysis of situation or context
  3. Identification of a need or a problem
  4. Determining policy imperatives
  5. Formulation of goals
  6. Articulation of intervention strategies and implementation plan
  7. Implementation of project activities
  8. Understanding of project outcomes

Implementation of a system of monitoring and evaluation

Usually, gender issues are not mainstreamed into project and planning processes. It is common for gender issues to be either entirely absent from the project sequence or fade away from the project’s articulation of intervention strategies and implementation plans. And more than other fields and projects, ICT initiatives often miss out on gender aspects. This is why it becomes all the more important to integrate gender at the beginning of an ICT project plan, making certain that gender is visible throughout the planning and implementing phases. Depending upon the ICT initiative and whether or not gender issues were taken into account in the project planning phase, gender issues may be obvious, invisible or may not have been clearly defined. It is worthwhile reviewing project documents to look at what assumptions were made, if any, about gender issues when the project was first conceptualised.